Priority Issues: Law Enforcement
I. The Issue
Recent technological advances, particularly in rapid computation and data analysis, have revolutionized virtually every aspect of American life. The business world has been similarly enriched by important innovations in management theory. All these developments can and should be widely applied to the world of law enforcement.
II. The Impact
CompSTAT, which stands for Computer Statistics or Comparative Statistics, was launched in New York City and is perhaps the best-known technological innovation in law enforcement. CompSTAT has two components. The first is software-intensive, and it uses real-time crime data to quickly allocate police resources to crime “hot spots” in cities. The second element, which concerns managerial techniques, decentralizes authority to precinct commanders and holds them accountable for changes in the crime rate within their jurisdiction. City police leaders meet with commanders on a frequent basis to discuss data findings and to plan patrol activity. These methods increase the number of criminals apprehended, but perhaps more importantly, studies suggest that the strong and visible police presence has a deterrence effect. Former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani partly credits CompSTAT with the 62 percent drop in the crime rate in New York from 1993 to 2001.
Another well-known – but not widely enough adopted – technology is Chicago’s Citizen Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR). The CLEAR database contains millions of incident reports and other information that officers can query using wireless, touchscreen notebooks in their cars. The data allows officers to instantly check suspects against the database of fugitives, parolees, and offenders who are wanted on warrants. A mug shot, for example, can be accessed in just seconds – rather than four days. Most significantly, CLEAR empowers community policing. Citizens use a website to find out who is policing their neighborhood so that they can efficiently relay leads about criminal activity. Chicago’s murder rate dropped from 22.1 per 100,000 in 2002 to 15.5 in 2004 following the implementation of CLEAR. The number of robberies has also declined nearly 30 percent from 2000 to 2007. Because fewer Chicagoans have been incarcerated since 1999, it is not incarceration that is yielding results. More likely, it is Chicago’s innovations in law enforcement, including CLEAR.
III. The Conservative Solution
• Increase the utilization of data-driven policing and related performance measures such as CompSTAT and CLEAR.
• Involve private security in data-driven policing to expand the knowledge base and expedite responses.
• Expand the use of GPS monitoring of parolees and probationers.
Agenda 2005: A Guide to the Issues by the Georgia Public Policy Foundation
Crime and Metaphor: Toward a New Concept of Policing by the Manhattan Institute
Five Technological Solutions for Texas’ Correctional and Law Enforcement Challenges by the Texas Public Policy Foundation
SFGate: “Texas an unlikely model for prison reform”
Democratic California Senator Loni Hancock praises Texas for its conservative criminal justice reforms. “Texas is investing in alternatives to incarceration that are proving to be cheaper and more effective at keeping people out of prison. It is also doing a better job of rehabilitating people to keep them from reoffending and ending up back in prison. [...]:: Read More
A Second Act for Criminal Justice: Panel at TPPF’s PO2014
Adam Gelb, Director of Public Safety Performance Project at Pew Charitable Trusts, The Honorable Bill Hammond, President and CEO of Texas Association of Business, and Representatives Abel Hererro and Tan Parker of the Texas House of Representatives discuss adult corrections in the Lone Star State.:: Read More
Nebraska’s “fresh look on reform”
In this segment of Nebraska’s KNOP-TV, ROC policy director Marc Levin proposes three solutions for improving the state’s criminal justice system.:: Read More
Alaska’s Corrections System
This new ROC infographic illustrates the high cost and low return of Alaska’s corrections system.:: Read More
Orange County Register: What does Texas know about prisons that we don’t?
In lieu of Chuck DeVore’s testimony in California on the topic of realignment, Democratic Senator Mark Leno and committee chairman, acknowledged that his state’s criminal justice system needs improvement. “We’re going in the wrong direction,” said Sen. Leno. “Not only is the population not going down, it’s going up. Not only are we not saving [...]:: Read More
Chuck DeVore discusses CA reforms with the LaDona Harvey Show
Following his testimony before California’s Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review, Chuck DeVore sat down with KOGO’s LaDona Harvey out of San Digeo to reiterate the prison reform successes of Texas and tell why he believes The Golden State would benefit from following in the footsteps of Right On Crime. Click here to listen to [...]:: Read More
Marc Levin’s research cited in TX Tribune’s ‘TribCast’
During this week’s edition of The Texas Tribune‘s political podcast ‘TribCast,’ ROC policy director Marc Levin’s research regarding cost of incarceration vs. rehabilitation is discussed as the contributors talk about Governor Perry’s marijuana decriminalization remarks. Click here to listen to the podcast.:: Read More
Washington Post: “Texas leads the way in needed criminal justice reforms”
In the Lone Star State, the effort [to reform the criminal justice system] has conservative roots. Budget-minded state leaders crafted an alternative to perpetually feeding money into prison construction to warehouse non-violent offenders, rather than investing in drug treatment or better parole programs. Click here for the full story from Washington Post.:: Read More
HuffPo credits ROC with utilizing “innovative alternatives” to incarceration
Calling immigration detention an “outdated model,” this Huffington Post article recognizes the Right On Crime initiative, saying “Where some level of supervision is necessary, advances in technology, effective case management approaches, and the development of cost-effective alternatives to detention give the federal government the tools to reform its approach. It should take a cue from Texas [...]:: Read More
ROC discusses decriminalization of marijuana with “The Chad Hasty Show”
Senior Policy Analyst Vikrant Reddy sits down with KFYO’s “The Chad Hasty Show” to talk about Gov. Rick Perry’s remarks regarding the decriminalization of marijuana in Texas. Click here to listen to the interview.:: Read More
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