Priority Issues: Law Enforcement
I. The Issue
Recent technological advances, particularly in rapid computation and data analysis, have revolutionized virtually every aspect of American life. The business world has been similarly enriched by important innovations in management theory. All these developments can and should be widely applied to the world of law enforcement.
II. The Impact
CompSTAT, which stands for Computer Statistics or Comparative Statistics, was launched in New York City and is perhaps the best-known technological innovation in law enforcement. CompSTAT has two components. The first is software-intensive, and it uses real-time crime data to quickly allocate police resources to crime “hot spots” in cities. The second element, which concerns managerial techniques, decentralizes authority to precinct commanders and holds them accountable for changes in the crime rate within their jurisdiction. City police leaders meet with commanders on a frequent basis to discuss data findings and to plan patrol activity. These methods increase the number of criminals apprehended, but perhaps more importantly, studies suggest that the strong and visible police presence has a deterrence effect. Former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani partly credits CompSTAT with the 62 percent drop in the crime rate in New York from 1993 to 2001.
Another well-known – but not widely enough adopted – technology is Chicago’s Citizen Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR). The CLEAR database contains millions of incident reports and other information that officers can query using wireless, touchscreen notebooks in their cars. The data allows officers to instantly check suspects against the database of fugitives, parolees, and offenders who are wanted on warrants. A mug shot, for example, can be accessed in just seconds – rather than four days. Most significantly, CLEAR empowers community policing. Citizens use a website to find out who is policing their neighborhood so that they can efficiently relay leads about criminal activity. Chicago’s murder rate dropped from 22.1 per 100,000 in 2002 to 15.5 in 2004 following the implementation of CLEAR. The number of robberies has also declined nearly 30 percent from 2000 to 2007. Because fewer Chicagoans have been incarcerated since 1999, it is not incarceration that is yielding results. More likely, it is Chicago’s innovations in law enforcement, including CLEAR.
III. The Conservative Solution
• Increase the utilization of data-driven policing and related performance measures such as CompSTAT and CLEAR.
• Involve private security in data-driven policing to expand the knowledge base and expedite responses.
• Expand the use of GPS monitoring of parolees and probationers.
Agenda 2005: A Guide to the Issues by the Georgia Public Policy Foundation
Crime and Metaphor: Toward a New Concept of Policing by the Manhattan Institute
Five Technological Solutions for Texas’ Correctional and Law Enforcement Challenges by the Texas Public Policy Foundation
“Sentencing laws need examining”
Kevin Kane, president of The Pelican Institute for Public Policy champions Right on Crime for offering “conservative governors and legislatures national support for criminal justice reforms.” Read the full article in the Tri-Parish Times.:: Read More
Washington Post: ‘A more benevolent nation?’
Right on Crime in the Washington Post: E.J. Dionne champions ROC’s advocacy for “community-based programs rather than excessive mandatory minimum sentencing policies and prison expansion.” Click here to view the full article.:: Read More
Right on Crime in USA TODAY
ROC policy analyst Vikrant Reddy: “The pendulum has swung too far from the ‘lock’em-up-and-throw-away-the-keys’ days; it’s time to pull it back.” Click here to read the full article.:: Read More
Closing the Door to Prison, Opening the Door to Reform
While New York isn’t exactly a beacon of liberty, it has been pursuing sensible criminal justice reform over the past few years. Reforms in 2009, for instance, softened mandatory sentences for non-violent drug offenders and promoted drug courts. In a time of state-level penny pinching, the Empire State is moving ahead with the closure of [...]:: Read More
State criminal justice reforms in action
Posted in Adult Probation, Georgia, Law Enforcement, Ohio, Parole and Re-Entry, Priority Issues, Prisons, ROC Blog, South Dakota, State Initiatives, Substance Abuse, Texas, The Criminal Justice Challenge: October 17, 2013 by Right on Crime
This new ROC infographic gives the facts about criminal justice in Texas and proves that our reforms are effective. Check out the infographic below and and click here to read more about state-level reforms. [Click here to enlarge infographic]:: Read More
Rollins: Criminal justice reform — Texas style
“October is Crime Prevention Month, and I am reminded that not long ago people spoke of the “Texas Model” as a purely punitive approach to criminal justice. Decades of steady prison growth consumed an ever-increasing percentage of the general budget. Even with the nation’s highest incarceration rate, Texas’ cities and towns were still plagued with [...]:: Read More
Fox News: “Conservatives join push to roll back mandatory prison sentences”
Following Marc Levin’s testimony before the U.S. Judiciary Committee, this Fox News story features Right on Crime, noting that “The project has since been part of recent, successful efforts in Georgia, Ohio, Pennsylvania and South Carolina to reform their systems through such changes as reducing penalties for low-level drug possessions; expanding the use of time- [...]:: Read More
Norquist-Gleason: Holder follows GOP lead in easing harsh drug laws
ROC signatory Grover Norquist co-authors this Reuters op-ed with Patrick Gleason, in which they further discuss how U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder is late to the party regarding criminal justice reforms, noting that “it has been Republicans in the states who are leading the way.” “Consider Texas, where the smart-on-crime policy reform movement began in [...]:: Read More
Latest FBI Crime Statistics Released
In a recent press release, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has announced the publication of the 2012 Uniform Crime Report (UCR) statistics, the statistical aggregate of crime records from over 18,000 law enforcement agencies.:: Read More
Improving Law Enforcement in Detroit
You wouldn’t know it by tuning into your local news, but the notorious crime epidemic of the 1960s, 70s, and 80s appears to have passed. Property crime and homicide rates haven’t been this low in 30-40 years, and contrary to many predictions, crime has actually continued declining during the recession.:: Read More
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