State Initiatives: North Carolina

From 2000 to 2008, North Carolina’s prison population increased 25 percent from 31,581 to 39,326 inmates.i During that same period, the state corrections budget increased 43 percent, from $918 million to more than $1.31 billion.ii If existing policies remain unchanged, the Sentencing and Policy Advisory Commission projects that the prison population will increase by 25 percent, or 10,000 inmates, between 2009 and 2019.iii

The existing prison capacity is about 39,000 beds and the state estimates that it will face a shortfall of about 8,500 beds by FY 2019.iv Building and operating these new prison beds will cost more than $2 billion between FY 2012 and FY 2019.v Construction costs alone will approach $775 million between FY 2012 and FY 2019, with one third of this spending needed by FY 2012.vi

In 2009, Governor Beverly Perdue, Supreme Court Chief Justice Sarah Parker, Senate President Marc Basnight, Senate Minority Leader Phil Berger, House Speaker Joe Hackney, and House Minority Leader Paul Stam requested technical assistance from the Council of State Governments Justice Center to help develop a statewide policy framework to reduce spending on corrections and reallocate funds to strategies that would produce a greater public safety return for each dollar spent. It is anticipated that the framework will be completed in time for policymakers to during the 2011 legislative session.

The John Locke Foundation, the state’s think tank that supports approaches that limit government and promote free markets, has recommended in its “Agenda 2010” that lawmakers “maintain North Carolina's commitment to fighting crime while reserving prison for violent and repeat offenders” and “divert mentally ill individuals into community-based care rather than jails, starting with crisis intervention teams and other pre-booking interventions.”vii


i North Carolina Profile, Council of State Governments Justice Center, Justice Reinvestment, http://justicereinvestment.org/states/north_carolina.
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv Ibid.
v Ibid.
vi Ibid.
vii Agenda 2010 – Crime & Punishment, The John Locke Foundation, http://www.johnlocke.org/agenda2010/crimeandpunishment.html.

  • N.C. Committee Unanimously Passes Juvenile Jurisdiction Legislation

    Posted in Juvenile Justice, North Carolina, Priority Issues, ROC Blog, State Initiatives: June 20, 2012 by Jeanette Moll

    A subcommittee of the House Judiciary Committee in the North Carolina Legislature unanimously approved legislation that would place juveniles charged with a misdemeanor in the juvenile justice system. Under current law, North Carolina’s age of juvenile jurisdiction ends at 15.

    :: Read More
  • Ohio and North Carolina Move Forward with Justice Reinvestment Bills

    Posted in North Carolina, Ohio, Priority Issues, Prisons, ROC Blog, State Initiatives: July 25, 2011 by Henry Joel Simmons

    Politicians from both ends of the political spectrum in North Carolina and Ohio recently enacted comprehensive legislation in their states resulting from justice reinvestment initiatives, according to the Justice Reinvestment Project’s blog.

    :: Read More
  • Reforms Being Considered In North Carolina

    Posted in Adult Probation, North Carolina, Priority Issues, ROC Blog, State Initiatives: June 21, 2011 by Henry Joel Simmons

    There is interesting news out of North Carolina, where important prison and probation reforms are headed to the Governor’s office. The Blue Ridge Times-News has the story…

    :: Read More
  • North Carolina Criminal Justice in a Nutshell

    Posted in North Carolina, ROC Blog, State Initiatives: October 31, 2010 by Vikrant P. Reddy

    The John Locke Foundation’s Agenda 2010: Crime and Punishment does an exceptional job of reducing the complicated criminal justice problems in North Carolina to a few easy-to-understand bullet-points. It also provides actual solutions…

    :: Read More

  • View More from North Carolina »